The 100% Correct 2015 Waec Gce Government Answer Answers
(4a) A unitary system of government, or unitary state, is a
sovereign state governed as a single entity. The central
government is supreme, and the administrative divisions
exercise only powers that the central government has delegated
to them. Subdivisional units are created and abolished, and their
powers may be broadened and narrowed by the central
government. The United Kingdom, for example, is a unitary
state, as its constituent countries — England, Scotland, Wales,
and Northern Ireland — have no power to challenge the
constitutionality of acts of Parliament. Unitary states contrast with
federal states, such as the United States, in which power is
shared between the federal government and the states. (The
states themselves are unitary.)
More than 150 countries are unitary states, including France,
China, and Japan.
-The demand for the introduction of elective
-Demand for control of taxation by each
-The establishment of a western African university
-Demand for African majority in every municipal
council in west Africa
-The proposed legislative council should be
given complete control over revenue and
(i)integrated rural development
(ii) free medical treatment and education.
(iii) constitutional amendments for state creation
(i) it provided full and gainful employment
(ii) it provided free education at all levels
(iii) it provided free health services for all citizens
(iv) it fostered integrated rural development.
The commonwealth is a voluntary association
of the independent countries of the former
British Empire. That is to say that, it is made
up of Britain and countries that were at one
point in time or the other British colonies or
Former British colonies of Canada, Australia,
New Zealand, New Foundland and South Africa
in 1907 started regular meetings known as
“Imperial Conference” in London.
These colonies were called “Dominions” and
they criticised the word in the sense that it
was synonymous with domination. That
brought about the “Commonwealth of Nations
for the independent countries in the British
(i) Trade co-operation
(ii) Military aid
(iii) Monetary aid
(iv) Technical assistance
Public opinion can be defined as the collective beliefs,
judgements or views held by majority of citizens of a country
about public polity or action of the government.
(i) It directs government in knowing what the public thinks about
its policies and actions.
(ii) Helps in making government in moderating her actions.
(iii) Helps voters to cast their votes for popular candidates.
(iv) It serves as an avenue of channeling public view to the
A bicameral legislature is one in which the legislators are divided
into two separate assemblies, chambers or houses.
Bicameralism is distinguished from unicameralism, in which all
of the members deliberate and vote as a single group, and from
some legislatures which have three or more separate
assemblies, chambers or houses.
(i) the most advantage is the security it affords the populace.
(ii)Two levels of government, elected in different ways, should
mean that more views of the electorate are represented at higher
(iii) less than scrupulous governments should not (ideally) be able
push through legislation against the will of the people.
(iv) vigorous debate on any proposed legislation should mean
that any laws passed have been subject to stringent review and
revision to make them practical and workable for the benefit of
(1a) Sovereignty is the absolute power of the state to exercise
supreme legal authority over its own affairs within its territory
without any form of external control.
-The supremacy of the constitution
-The influence of powerful nations