Neco 2017 Government Obj And Theory Answers – May/ June Expo

GOV OBJ:
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SECTION: A
Answer any 2 questions
3a)
A political party is an alliance of like-minded people
who work together to win elections and control of
the government. Political parties compete against
one another for political power and for the ability to
put their philosophies and policies into effect.
3bi)
To contest elections: In most democracies,
elections are fought mainly among the candidates
put up by political parties. Parties select their
candidates in different ways.
ii)Forming policies and programmes: Parties put
forward different policies and programmes and the
voters choose from them. Each of us may have
different opinions and views on what policies are
suitable for the society
iii)Making laws: When parties come to power, they
make laws for the country. Formally, laws are
debated and passed in the legislature. Members of
the ruling party follow the directions of party leaders,
irrespective of their personal opinions.
iv)Parties form and run governments: Parties recruit
leaders, train them and then make them ministers to
run the government in the way they want.
v)Role of opposition: Parties that lose in elections,
play the role of opposition to the parties in power by
criticising the government for its failures or wrong
policies.
===========================
4a)A bicameral legislature is one in which the
legislators are divided into two separate
assemblies, chambers or houses.
4b)
Differences
IN CAMERA LEGISLATURE
i)One chamber or house changing and implementing
the law is called unicameral legislature. There are
two chambers or houses are present to amend and
implement the law.
ii)In the unicameral system, quick decisions and
more accountability is possible whereas the
accountability and the decision making processes
are difficult and time consuming.
IN UNICAMERA LEGISLATURE
i)The number of members in the unicameral is
usually less than the members of the bicameral
system resulting in less expense in the unicameral.
ii)The powers of the unicameral members are
enough for making rude decisions and passing the
law which is not feasible for the general public. The
powers of the upper hand are controlled by the other
hand and thus, the chances of bad decision making
are less in the bicameral system.
========================
SECTION: B
Answer any 3 questions
6)
i)Military intervention should be outlawed.
ii)There should accountability on the part of
politicians in government.
iii)Politics should be played according to laid down
rules and regulations.
iv)Ethnic politics should be avoided by politicians.
v)There should be good leadership on the part of all
elected officials.
vi)Mismanagement of public funds should be
avoided.
vii)There should be free and fair elections.
7i)Consider and make recommendations on the
general principles of cooperation for maintaining
international peace and security, including
disarmament;
7ii)Discuss any question relating to international
peace and security and, except where a dispute or
situation is currently being discussed by the Security
Council, make recommendations on it;
7iii)Discuss, with the same exception, and make
recommendations on any questions within the scope
of the Charter or affecting the powers and functions
of any organ of the United Nations;
7iv) Make recommendations for the peaceful
settlement of any situation that might impair friendly
relations among nations;
7v)Consider and approve the United Nations budget
and establish the financial assessments of Member
States;
========================
8i)there should be no political interference in the
affairs of commission.
8ii)The electoral commission must be made
autonomous rather than appendage of executive aim
of government
8iii)funding for the commission should be done from
an independent fund not from the executive
8iv)security of tenure of office should be granted to
members of the commission
8v)officials of the commission should be appointed
for a fixed period
8vi)voting should be done secretly while counting of
votes should be publicly done.
============================
9)
– The Preamble
– The Government
– The Territory
– Separation of Powers
– Sovereignty
– Federalism
-The Preamble: This part of the constitution gives
guidance to the constitution. Here we are given the
chapter, sections and subsections of the constitution
and pages where they can be found. The preamble is
meant to direct or serve as a content page of the
Nigerian constitution. The preamble could also be
found on the 3rd to the with page of the Nigerian
constitution of 1999.
-Government: there must be a government whether
elective or not run the affairs of the state. The type
of government does not matter. It may be a military
regime coo loan administration, Oligarchy, Diarchy,
Monarchy, all of which are discussed below, what is
infect important for this aspect of our study is that
there must be a government to be in-charge of the
affairs of the states
-The territory: A state, legally is a defined boundary,
although, such boundary is suppose to be permanent,
if it change at all, such changes must not be at
random. It is the territorial entities.
-Separation of Powers: Separation of powers can be
found in section 4, 5 and 6 of this sections delegate
certain powers to be armor organs of Government in
Nigeria. The Section 4 of the 1999 constitution talks
about legislative arm of Government, Section 5 talk
of the Executive and section 6 talks about solitary.
-Sovereignty: Sovereignty could be defined as the
ability for a nation to be total control without
external interference. Nigeria according to 1999
constitution is a sovereign state and it can be found
in section 2 of the Nigeria constitution.
-Federalism: Federalism has to do with the division
of Government, state and local government,
And a federal system of government is attached by a
ceremonial head known as the president it can be
found in chapter part of the 1999 constitution of the
federal republic of Nigeria.

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